UEFI Firmware Parser - Parse BIOS/Intel ME/UEFI Firmware Related Structures: Volumes, FileSystems, Files, Etc


The UEFI firmware parser is a simple module and set of scripts for parsing, extracting, and recreating UEFI firmware volumes. This includes parsing modules for BIOS, OptionROM, Intel ME and other formats too. Please use the example scripts for parsing tutorials.


Installation
This module is included within PyPy as uefi_firmware
$ sudo pip install uefi_firmware
To install from Github, checkout this repo and use:
$ sudo python ./setup.py install
Requirements
  • Python development headers, usually found in the python-dev package.
  • The compression/decompression features will use the python headers and gcc.
  • pefile is optional, and may be used for additional parsing.

Usage
The simplest way to use the module to detect or parse firmware is through the AutoParser class.
import uefi_firmware
with open('/path/to/firmware.rom', 'r') as fh:
file_content = fh.read()
parser = uefi_firmware.AutoParser(file_content)
if parser.type() != 'unknown':
firmware = parser.parse()
firmware.showinfo()
There are several classes within the uefi, pfs, me, and flash packages that accept file contents in their constructor. In all cases there are abstract methods implemented:
  • process() performs parsing work and returns a True or False
  • showinfo() print a hierarchy of information about the structure
  • dump() walk the hierarchy and write each to a file

Scripts
A Python script is installed uefi-firmware-parser
$ uefi-firmware-parser -h
usage: uefi-firmware-parser [-h] [-b] [--superbrute] [-q] [-o OUTPUT] [-O]
[-c] [-e] [-g GENERATE] [--test]
file [file ...]

Parse, and optionally output, details and data on UEFI-related firmware.

positional arguments:
file The file(s) to work on

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-b, --brute The input is a blob and may contain FV headers.
--superbrute The input is a blob and may contain any sort of
firmware object
-q, --quiet Do not show info.
-o OUTPUT, --output OUTPUT
Dump firmware objects to this folder.
-O, --outputfolder Dump firmware objects to a folder based on filename
${FILENAME}_output/
-c, --echo Echo the filename before parsing or extracting.
-e, --extract Extract all files/sections/volumes.
-g GENERATE, --generate GENERATE
Generate a FDF, implies extraction (volumes only)
--test Test file parsing, output name/success.
To test a file or directory of files:
$ uefi-firmware-parser --test ~/firmware/*
~/firmware/970E32_1.40: UEFIFirmwareVolume
~/firmware/CO5975P.BIO: EFICapsule
~/firmware/me-03.obj: IntelME
~/firmware/O990-A03.exe: None
~/firmware/O990-A03.exe.hdr: DellPFS
If you need to parse and extract a large number of firmware files check out the -O option to auto-generate an output folder per file. If parsing and searching for internals in a shell the --echo option will print the input filename before parsing.
The firmware-type checker will decide how to best parse the file. If the --test option fails to identify the type, or calls it unknown, try to use the -b or --superbrute option. The later performs a byte-by-byte type checker.
$ uefi-firmware-parser --test ~/firmware/970E32_1.40
~/firmware/970E32_1.40: unknown
$ uefi-firmware-parser --superbrute ~/firmware/970E32_1.40
[...]
Features
  • UEFI Firmware Volumes, Capsules, FileSystems, Files, Sections parsing
  • Intel PCH Flash Descriptors
  • Intel ME modules parsing (ME, TXE, etc)
  • Dell PFS (HDR) updates parsing
  • Tiano/EFI, and native LZMA (7z) [de]compression
  • Complete UEFI Firmware volume object hierarchy display
  • Firmware descriptor [re]generation using the parsed input volumes
  • Firmware File Section injection
GUID Injection
Injection or GUID replacement (no addition/subtraction yet) can be performed on sections within a UEFI firmware file, or on UEFI firmware files within a firmware filesystem.
$ python ./scripts/fv_injector.py -h
usage: fv_injector.py [-h] [-c] [-p] [-f] [--guid GUID] --injection INJECTION
[-o OUTPUT]
file

Search a file for UEFI firmware volumes, parse and output.

positional arguments:
file The file to work on

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-c, --capsule The input file is a firmware capsule.
-p, --pfs The input file is a Dell PFS.
-f, --ff Inject payload into firmware file.
--guid GUID GUID to replace (inject).
--injection INJECTION
Pre-generated EFI file to inject.
-o OUTPUT, --output OUTPUT
Name of the output file.
Note: when injecting into a firmware file the user will be prompted for which section to replace. At the moment this is not-yet-scriptable.
IDA Python support
There is an included script to generate additional GUID labels to import into IDA Python using Snare's plugins. Using the -g LABEL the script will generate a Python dictionary-formatted output. This project will try to keep up-to-date with popular vendor GUIDs automatically.
$ python ./scripts/uefi_guids.py -h
usage: uefi_guids.py [-h] [-c] [-b] [-d] [-g GENERATE] [-u] file

Output GUIDs for files, optionally write GUID structure file.

positional arguments:
file The file to work on

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
-c, --capsule The input file is a firmware capsule, do not search.
-b, --brute The input file is a blob, search for firmware volume
headers.
-d, --flash The input file is a flash descriptor.
-g GENERATE, --generate GENERATE
Generate a behemoth-style GUID output.
-u, --unknowns When generating also print unknowns.
Supported Vendors
This module has been tested on BIOS/UEFI/firmware updates from the following vendors. Not every update for every product will parse, some may required a-priori decompression or extraction from the distribution update mechanism (typically a PE).
  • ASRock
  • Dell
  • Gigabyte
  • Intel
  • Lenovo
  • HP
  • MSI
  • VMware
  • Apple


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