Gobuster v3.0 - Directory/File, DNS And VHost Busting Tool Written In Go


Gobuster is a tool used to brute-force:
  • URIs (directories and files) in web sites.
  • DNS subdomains (with wildcard support).
  • Virtual Host names on target web servers.

Oh dear God.. WHY!?
Because I wanted:
  1. ... something that didn't have a fat Java GUI (console FTW).
  2. ... to build something that just worked on the command line.
  3. ... something that did not do recursive brute force.
  4. ... something that allowed me to brute force folders and multiple extensions at once.
  5. ... something that compiled to native on multiple platforms.
  6. ... something that was faster than an interpreted script (such as Python).
  7. ... something that didn't require a runtime.
  8. ... use something that was good with concurrency (hence Go).
  9. ... to build something in Go that wasn't totally useless.

But it's shit! And your implementation sucks!
Yes, you're probably correct. Feel free to:
  • Not use it.
  • Show me how to do it better.

Love this tool? Back it!
If you're backing us already, you rock. If you're not, that's cool too! Want to back us? Become a backer!

All funds that are donated to this project will be donated to charity. A full log of charity donations will be available in this repository as they are processed.

Changes in 3.0
  • New CLI options so modes are strictly seperated (-m is now gone!)
  • Performance Optimizations and better connection handling
  • Ability to bruteforce vhost names
  • Option to supply custom HTTP headers

Available Modes
  • dir - the classic directory brute-forcing mode
  • dns - DNS subdomain brute-forcing mode
  • vhost - virtual host brute-forcing mode (not the same as DNS!)

Built-in Help
Help is built-in!
  • gobuster help - outputs the top-level help.
  • gobuster help <mode> - outputs the help specific to that mode.

dns Mode Help
Usage:    gobuster dns [flags]    Flags:    -d, --domain string      The target domain    -h, --help               help for dns    -r, --resolver string    Use custom DNS server (format server.com or server.com:port)    -c, --showcname          Show CNAME records (cannot be used with '-i' option)    -i, --showips            Show IP addresses        --timeout duration   DNS resolver timeout (default 1s)        --wildcard           Force continued operation when wildcard found    Global Flags:    -z, --noprogress        Don't display progress    -o, --output string     Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)    -q, --quiet             Don't print the banner and other noise    -t, --threads int       Number of concurrent threads (default 10)        --delay duration    Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)    -v, --verbose           Verbose output (errors)    -w, --wordlist string   Path to the wordlist  

dir Mode Options
Usage:    gobuster dir [flags]    Flags:    -f, --addslash                      Append / to each request    -c, --cookies string                Cookies to use for the requests    -e, --expanded                      Expanded mode, print full URLs    -x, --extensions string             File extension(s) to search for    -r, --followredirect                Follow redirects    -H, --headers stringArray           Specify HTTP headers, -H 'Header1: val1' -H 'Header2: val2'    -h, --help                          help for dir    -l, --includelength                 Include the length of the body in the output    -k, --insecuressl                   Skip SSL certificate verification    -n, --nostatus                      Don't print status codes    -P, --password string               Password for Basic Auth    -p, --proxy string                  Proxy to use for requests [http(s)://host:port]    -s, --statuscodes string            Positive status codes (will be overwritten with statuscodesblacklist if set) (default "200,204,301,302,307,401,403")    -b, --statuscodesblacklist string   Negative status codes (will override statuscodes if set)        --timeout duration              HTTP Timeout (default 10s)    -u, --url string                    The target URL    -a, --useragent string              Set the User-Agent string (default "gobuster/3.0.1")    -U, --username string               Username for Basic Auth        --wildcard                      Force continued operation when wildcard found    Global Flags:    -z, --noprogress        Don't display progress    -o, --output string     Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)    -q, --quiet             Don't print the banner and other noise    -t, --threads int       Number of concurrent threads (default 10)        --delay duration    Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)    -v, --verbose           Verbose output (errors)    -w, --wordlist string   Path to the wordlist  

vhost Mode Options
Usage:    gobuster vhost [flags]    Flags:    -c, --cookies string        Cookies to use for the requests    -r, --followredirect        Follow redirects    -H, --headers stringArray   Specify HTTP headers, -H 'Header1: val1' -H 'Header2: val2'    -h, --help                  help for vhost    -k, --insecuressl           Skip SSL certificate verification    -P, --password string       Password for Basic Auth    -p, --proxy string          Proxy to use for requests [http(s)://host:port]        --timeout duration      HTTP Timeout (default 10s)    -u, --url string            The target URL    -a, --useragent string      Set the User-Agent string (default "gobuster/3.0.1")    -U, --username string       Username for Basic Auth    Global Flags:    -z, --noprogress        Don't display progress    -o, --output string     Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)    -q, --quiet             Don't print the banner and other noise    -t, --threads int       Number of concurrent threads (default 10)        --delay duration    Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)    -v, --verbose           Verbose output (errors)    -w, --wordlist string   Path to the wordlist  

Easy Installation

Binary Releases
We are now shipping binaries for each of the releases so that you don't even have to build them yourself! How wonderful is that!
If you're stupid enough to trust binaries that I've put together, you can download them from the releases page.

Using go get
If you have a Go environment ready to go, it's as easy as:
Usage:
gobuster dns [flags]

Flags:
-d, --domain string The target domain
-h, --help help for dns
-r, --resolver string Use custom DNS server (format server.com or server.com:port)
-c, --showcname Show CNAME records (cannot be used with '-i' option)
-i, --showips Show IP addresses
--timeout duration DNS resolver timeout (default 1s)
--wildcard Force continued operation when wildcard found

Global Flags:
-z, --noprogress Don't display progress
-o, --output string Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)
-q, --quiet Don't print the banner and other noise
-t, --threads int Number of concurrent threads (default 10)
--delay duration Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)
-v, --verbose Verbose output (errors)
-w, --wordlist string Path to the wordlist

Building From Source
Since this tool is written in Go you need to install the Go language/compiler/etc. Full details of installation and set up can be found on the Go language website. Once installed you have two options.

Compiling
gobuster now has external dependencies, and so they need to be pulled in first:
Usage:
gobuster dir [flags]

Flags:
-f, --addslash Append / to each request
-c, --cookies string Cookies to use for the requests
-e, --expanded Expanded mode, print full URLs
-x, --extensions string File extension(s) to search for
-r, --followredirect Follow redirects
-H, --headers stringArray Specify HTTP headers, -H 'Header1: val1' -H 'Header2: val2'
-h, --help help for dir
-l, --includelength Include the length of the body in the output
-k, --insecuressl Skip SSL certificate verification
-n, --nostatus Don't print status codes
-P, --password string Password for Basic Auth
-p, --proxy string Proxy to use for requests [http(s)://host:port]
-s, --statuscodes string Positive status codes (will be overwritten with statuscodesblacklist if set) (default "200,204,301,302,307,401,403")
-b, --statuscodesblacklist string Negative status codes (will override statuscodes if set)
--timeout duration HTTP Timeout (default 10s)
-u, --url string The target URL
-a, --useragent string Set the User-Agent string (default "gobuster/3.0.1")
-U, --username string Username for Basic Auth
--wildcard Force continued operation when wildcard found

Global Flags:
-z, --noprogress Don't display progress
-o, --output string Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)
-q, --quiet Don't print the banner and other noise
-t, --threads int Number of concurrent threads (default 10)
--delay duration Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)
-v, --verbose Verbose output (errors)
-w, --wordlist string Path to the wordlist
This will create a gobuster binary for you. If you want to install it in the $GOPATH/bin folder you can run:
Usage:
gobuster vhost [flags]

Flags:
-c, --cookies string Cookies to use for the requests
-r, --followredirect Follow redirects
-H, --headers stringArray Specify HTTP headers, -H 'Header1: val1' -H 'Header2: val2'
-h, --help help for vhost
-k, --insecuressl Skip SSL certificate verification
-P, --password string Password for Basic Auth
-p, --proxy string Proxy to use for requests [http(s)://host:port]
--timeout duration HTTP Timeout (default 10s)
-u, --url string The target URL
-a, --useragent string Set the User-Agent string (default "gobuster/3.0.1")
-U, --username string Username for Basic Auth

Global Flags:
-z, --noprogress Don't display progress
-o, --output string Output file to write results to (defaults to stdout)
-q, --quiet Don't print the ba nner and other noise
-t, --threads int Number of concurrent threads (default 10)
--delay duration Time each thread waits between requests (e.g. 1500ms)
-v, --verbose Verbose output (errors)
-w, --wordlist string Path to the wordlist
If you have all the dependencies already, you can make use of the build scripts:
  • make - builds for the current Go configuration (ie. runs go build).
  • make windows - builds 32 and 64 bit binaries for windows, and writes them to the build subfolder.
  • make linux - builds 32 and 64 bit binaries for linux, and writes them to the build subfolder.
  • make darwin - builds 32 and 64 bit binaries for darwin, and writes them to the build subfolder.
  • make all - builds for all platforms and architectures, and writes the resulting binaries to the build subfolder.
  • make clean - clears out the build subfolder.
  • make test - runs the tests.

Wordlists via STDIN
Wordlists can be piped into gobuster via stdin by providing a - to the -w option:
go get github.com/OJ/gobuster
Note: If the -w option is specified at the same time as piping from STDIN, an error will be shown and the program will terminate.

Examples

dir Mode
Command line might look like this:
go get && go build
Default options looks like this:
go install
Default options with status codes disabled looks like this:
hashcat -a 3 --stdout ?l | gobuster dir -u https://mysite.com -w -
Verbose output looks like this:
gobuster dir -u https://mysite.com/path/to/folder -c 'session=123456' -t 50 -w common-files.txt -x .php,.html
Example showing content length:
gobuster dir -u https://buffered.io -w ~/wordlists/shortlist.txt

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dir
[+] Url/Domain : https://buffered.io/
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/shortlist.txt
[+] Status codes : 200,204,301,302,307,401,403
[+] User Agent : gobuster/3.0.1
[+] Timeout : 10s
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:49:43 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
/categories (Status: 301)
/contact (Status: 301)
/posts (Status: 301)
/index (Status: 200)
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:49:44 Finished
========================= ======================================
Quiet output, with status disabled and expanded mode looks like this ("grep mode"):
gobuster dir -u https://buffered.io -w ~/wordlists/shortlist.txt -n

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dir
[+] Url/Domain : https://buffered.io/
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/shortlist.txt
[+] Status codes : 200,204,301,302,307,401,403
[+] User Agent : gobuster/3.0.1
[+] No status : true
[+] Timeout : 10s
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:50:18 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
/categories
/contact
/index
/posts
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:50:18 Finished
================================================== =============

dns Mode
Command line might look like this:
gobuster dir -u https://buffered.io -w ~/wordlists/shortlist.txt -v

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dir
[+] Url/Domain : https://buffered.io/
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/shortlist.txt
[+] Status codes : 200,204,301,302,307,401,403
[+] User Agent : gobuster/3.0.1
[+] Verbose : true
[+] Timeout : 10s
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:50:51 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
Missed: /alsodoesnotexist (Status: 404)
Found: /index (Status: 200)
Missed: /doesnotexist (Status: 404)
Found: /categories (Status: 301)
Found: /posts (Status: 301)
Found: /contact ( Status: 301)
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:50:51 Finished
===============================================================
Normal sample run goes like this:
gobuster dir -u https://buffered.io -w ~/wordlists/shortlist.txt -l

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dir
[+] Url/Domain : https://buffered.io/
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/shortlist.txt
[+] Status codes : 200,204,301,302,307,401,403
[+] User Agent : gobuster/3.0.1
[+] Show length : true
[+] Timeout : 10s
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:51:16 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
/categories (Status: 301) [Size: 178]
/posts (Status: 301) [Size: 178]
/contact (Status: 301) [Size: 178]
/index (Status: 200) [Size: 51759]
============================================= ==================
2019/06/21 11:51:17 Finished
===============================================================
Show IP sample run goes like this:
gobuster dir -u https://buffered.io -w ~/wordlists/shortlist.txt -q -n -e
https://buffered.io/index
https://buffered.io/contact
https://buffered.io/posts
https://buffered.io/categories
Base domain validation warning when the base domain fails to resolve. This is a warning rather than a failure in case the user fat-fingers while typing the domain.
gobuster dns -d mysite.com -t 50 -w common-names.txt
Wildcard DNS is also detected properly:
gobuster dns -d google.com -w ~/wordlists/subdomains.txt

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dns
[+] Url/Domain : google.com
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/subdomains.txt
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:54:20 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
Found: chrome.google.com
Found: ns1.google.com
Found: admin.google.com
Found: www.google.com
Found: m.google.com
Found: support.google.com
Found: translate.google.com
Found: cse.google.com
Found: news.google.com
Found: music.google.com
Found: mail.google.com
Found: store.google.com
Found: mobile.google.com
Found: search.google.com
Found: wap.google.com
Found: directory.google.com
Found: local.google.com
Found: blog.google.com
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:54:20 Finished
===============================================================
If the user wants to force processing of a domain that has wildcard entries, use --wildcard:
gobuster dns -d google.com -w ~/wordlists/subdomains.txt -i

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dns
[+] Url/Domain : google.com
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/subdomains.txt
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:54:54 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
Found: www.google.com [172.217.25.36, 2404:6800:4006:802::2004]
Found: admin.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:806::200e]
Found: store.google.com [172.217.167.78, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: mobile.google.com [172.217.25.43, 2404:6800:4006:802::200b]
Found: ns1.google.com [216.239.32.10, 2001:4860:4802:32::a]
Found: m.google.com [172.217.25.43, 2404:6800:4006:802::200b]
Found: cse.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:80a::200e]
Found: chrome.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: search.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: local.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:80a::200e]
Found: news.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: blog.google.com [216.58.199.73, 2404:6800:4006:806::2009]
Found: support.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: wap.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: directory.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: translate.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: music.google.com [172.217.25.46, 2404:6800:4006:802::200e]
Found: mail.google.com [172.217.25.37, 2404:6800:4006:802::2005]
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:54:55 Finished
==== ===========================================================

vhost Mode
Command line might look like this:
gobuster dns -d yp.to -w ~/wordlists/subdomains.txt -i

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dns
[+] Url/Domain : yp.to
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/subdomains.txt
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:56:43 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:56:53 [-] Unable to validate base domain: yp.to
Found: cr.yp.to [131.193.32.108, 131.193.32.109]
===============================================================
2019/06/21 11:56:53 Finished
===============================================================
Normal sample run goes like this:
gobuster dns -d 0.0.1.xip.io -w ~/wordlists/subdomains.txt

===============================================================
Gobuster v3.0.1
by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@_FireFart_)
===============================================================
[+] Mode : dns
[+] Url/Domain : 0.0.1.xip.io
[+] Threads : 10
[+] Wordlist : /home/oj/wordlists/subdomains.txt
===============================================================
2019/06/21 12:13:48 Starting gobuster
===============================================================
2019/06/21 12:13:48 [-] Wildcard DNS found. IP address(es): 1.0.0.0
2019/06/21 12:13:48 [!] To force processing of Wildcard DNS, specify the '--wildcard' switch.
===============================================================
2019/06/21 12:13:48 Finished
===============================================================


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