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Collect-MemoryDump - Automated Creation Of Windows Memory Snapshots For DFIR


Collect-MemoryDump - Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshots for DFIR

Collect-MemoryDump.ps1 is PowerShell script utilized to collect a Memory Snapshot from a live Windows system (in a forensically sound manner).

Features:

  • Checks for Hostname and Physical Memory Size before starting memory acquisition
  • Checks if you have enough free disk space to save memory dump file
  • Collects a Raw Physical Memory Dump w/ DumpIt, Magnet Ram Capture, Belkasoft Live RAM Capturer and WinPMEM
  • Collects a Microsoft Crash Dump w/ DumpIt for Comae Beta from Magnet Idea Lab
  • Pagefile Collection w/ CyLR - Live Response Collection tool by Alan Orlikoski and Jason Yegge
  • Checks for Encrypted Volumes w/ Magnet Forensics Encrypted Disk Detector
  • Collects BitLocker Recovery Key
  • Checks for installed Endpoint Security Tools (AntiVirus and EDR)
  • Enumerates all necessary information from the target host to enrich your DFIR workflow
  • Creates a password-protected Secure Archive Container (PW: IncidentResponse)

First Public Release

MAGNET Talks - Frankfurt, Germany (July 27, 2022)
Presentation Title: Modern Digital Forensics and Incident Response Techniques
https://www.magnetforensics.com/

Download

Download the latest version of Collect-MemoryDump from the Releases section.

Note: Collect-MemoryDump does not include all external tools by default.

You have to download following dependencies:

Copy the required files to following file locations:

Belkasoft Live RAM Capturer
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x64\msvcp110.dll
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x64\msvcr110.dll
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x64\RamCapture64.exe
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x64\RamCaptureDriver64.sys
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x86\msvcp110.dll
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x86\msvcr110.dll
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x86\RamCapture.exe
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\RamCapturer\x86\RamCaptureDriver.sys

Comae-Toolkit
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\DumpIt\ARM64\DumpIt.exe
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\DumpIt\x64\DumpIt.exe
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\DumpIt\x86\DumpIt.exe

MAGNET Encrypted Disk Detector
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\EDD\EDDv310.exe

MAGNET Ram Capture
$SCRIPT_DIR\Tools\MRC\MRCv120.exe

Usage

.\Collect-MemoryDump.ps1 [-Tool] [--Pagefile]

Example 1 - Raw Physical Memory Snapshot
.\Collect-MemoryDump.ps1 -DumpIt

Example 2 - Microsoft Crash Dump (.zdmp) → optimized for uploading to Comae Investigation Platform
.\Collect-MemoryDump.ps1 -Comae

Note: You can uncompress *.zdmp files generated by DumpIt w/ Z2Dmp (Comae-Toolkit).

Example 3 - Raw Physical Memory Snapshot and Pagefile Collection → MemProcFS
.\Collect-MemoryDump.ps1 -WinPMEM --Pagefile

Fig 1: Help Message

Fig 2: Check Available Space

Fig 3: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ DumpIt

Fig 4: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ Magnet RAM Capture

Fig 5: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ WinPMEM

Fig 6: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ Belkasoft Live RAM Capturer

Fig 7: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ DumpIt (Microsoft Crash Dump)

Fig 8: Automated Creation of Windows Memory Snapshot w/ WinPMEM and Pagefile Collection w/ CyLR

Fig 9: Message Box

Fig 10: Secure Archive Container (PW: IncidentResponse) and Logfile.txt

Fig 11: Output Directories

Fig 12: Memory Directories (WinPMEM and Pagefile)

Fig 13: Memory Snapshot (in a forensically sound manner)

Fig 14: Pagefile Collection

Fig 15: Collected System Information

Dependencies

7-Zip 22.01 Standalone Console (2022-07-15)
https://www.7-zip.org/download.html

Belkasoft Live RAM Capturer (2018-10-22)
https://belkasoft.com/ram-capturer

DumpIt 3.5.0 (2022-08-02) → Comae-Toolkit
https://magnetidealab.com/
https://beta.comae.tech/

CyLR 3.0 (2021-02-03)
https://github.com/orlikoski/CyLR

Magnet Encrypted Disk Detector v3.1.0 (2022-06-19)
https://www.magnetforensics.com/resources/encrypted-disk-detector/
https://support.magnetforensics.com/s/free-tools

Magnet RAM Capture v1.2.0 (2019-07-24)
https://www.magnetforensics.com/resources/magnet-ram-capture/
https://support.magnetforensics.com/s/software-and-downloads?productTag=free-tools

PsLoggedOn v1.35 (2016-06-29)
https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/sysinternals/downloads/psloggedon

WinPMEM 4.0 RC2 (2020-10-12)
https://github.com/Velocidex/WinPmem/releases

Links

Belkasoft Live RAM Capturer
Comae-Toolkit incl. DumpIt
CyLR - Live Response Collection Tool
MAGNET Encrypted Disk Detector
MAGNET Ram Capture
WinPMEM


MAGNET Idea Lab - Apply To Join



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